The teaching of reading and phonics
In EYFS & Key stage 1, reading and phonics are very closely linked. Initially children are taught each phoneme (the sounds that make up words when we read), in the order stated in Letters and Sounds, through games and kinaesthetic activities. Once children recognise the phoneme they are then taught to read it within a range of words using blending skills. When they are secure with this skill, children are encouraged to read phonemes within words that make up a sentence. As the children become confident and competent decoder – word readers – the emphasis of reading moves on to the comprehension of what they are reading.
All of this is achieved through daily phonics sessions, modelled reading in whole class situations, small group guided reading sessions and frequent individual reading opportunities. We emphasise reading for pleasure and making links in the community.